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Summary ofSapiens

At least six human species inhabited the earth 100,000 years ago. Today there is just one. Us. Homo sapiens. How did our species succeed in the battle for dominance? Why did our foraging ancestors come together to build cities and kingdoms? What will our world be like in the millennia to come? In “Sapiens”, Dr. Yuval Noah Harari traverses the whole of human history, from the very first humans to live on Earth to the radical onset of the Cognitive, Agricultural and Scientific Revolutions. He explores how the trends of history have shaped our human societies, the animals and plants around us, and even our characters. Bold, intriguing and thought-provoking, “Sapiens” calls to question everything we believed we knew about being human: our thoughts, our actions, our power, and our future.

Key points


The history of humankind is a reflection of humans and the future generations

It is possible to find many tales about human conquest, adaptability, religion, and economy throughout the history of humanity. The expansion and spread of the human species has been seen to be among the fastest and well-documented events in history. We have progressed from being ordinary and primitive to being nearly completely in command of the whole planet.
The progress of humans over the years has facilitated a lot of developments that have shaped the way we live.
Compared to the earliest humans, there have been many changes to the way we think and behave. Additions like religion, culture, and social constructs have changed the way we behave. All of these are mentioned in this summary. This piece examines humans generally, and how we have been able to evolve, change and adapt.

The material included in this bite-sized summary recounts the narrative of the evolution of the human species from the very earliest people to the present-day humans, as told by scientists. In other words, if you're picky about history, how religion and economics have altered the globe, and how science has continued to turn the wheel of capitalism, this is the summary for you.

In his work, Yuval Noah Harari has done honor to the subject of evolution by carefully constructing his words and supporting them with factual information, statistical data, and historical evidence from many research pieces.

The three revolutions that formed humanity are accountable for human civilization and development

History shows that humans existed long before their presence was noted or documented. It also shows that during the early years of man, humans were not special in any way — we were just another species of animals.
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The capacity of Homo Sapiens to procreate and live with other species enabled fast human civilization development


The agricultural revolution brought much of man's psychological development to the fore


Human development benefited in many ways from the agricultural revolution


The need for data made humans consider writing in numbers and symbols


Religion negates the concept of biology when it comes to human nature


Money, credits and religion were created as effective ways to keep capitalism and evolution going


The emergence of science and technology triggered the rapid growth of humankind



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